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Fall Feasts

Rosh Hashanah or Feast of Trumpets, Yom Kippur, Feast of Tabernacles.  The hidden day precedes the sounding of the trumpet and at the last trumpet of God there will be a day glorious. It is also the Day of Judgment followed by ten days of awe before the covers of the books open and the rewards are determined. Then we are with Him. Resurrection /rapture, judgment /recompense, rule with Him.  The veil, The Ark, The Person of the Almighty.

Rosh Ha Shannah

 

Li Shannah Tovah or to you a good year.

 

Something you will see in ethnic Hebrew circles every Rosh.  When we of the nations wish one another a "happy New Year" we express the hope for the day and perhaps the next year, for as long as it lasts. But for the kosher Jew the idea is that the next year will only be good or tov if the well wished has his name scribed in the book of life which they seem to feel belongs to Elohim or perhaps the Father, but the New testament or Brit Ha Desha tells us that this book belongs to the Lamb.   We all should realize that the Lamb is Y'shua or Jesus. 

In fact during the ten days of awe between Rosh and another day in the trilogy of high holy days which is Yom Kippur or day of covering, there is among those who fear God the wish that the name "may it be inscribed in the book of life for the following year".  The idea here sounds ludicrous until you realize they specialize in the God of the Old Testament who has never changed.  Basically the idea is this; that year to year the name inscription in that book gave you another Rosh to Rosh to live, to draw a daily breath on the earth.  Without that inscription you are on borrowed time my friend.  And with a temporary covering of a bull to clean the high priest, and lamb, and a goat to give the covering for the people, and a goat led off to a place wherein it should never be brought back as a live bearer before the Living God, all the people as a nation; for the covering was a blanket covering applied not to the individual but the nation as a whole; had a collective inscription in the book.  So at this point there may be as it stands in the calendar they have now "Year 5460 Israel" in the book supposedly.  But of course we know that one year a man was crucified by Roman hands having been betrayed by the hands of a close man and Jewish hands, and thereafter the plan of the "Shannah Tovah" changed drastically.   How is it that Paul tells us that what the blood of goats and bulls could not do the blood of the Son of God has done?  What has it done?  Well what did the bull do?

The bull as it turns out was a versatile animal.  It was used to consecrate in atonement for the first ordination of the priesthood then annually as the atonal offering for the high priest and his family, also it came into play when the nation as a whole sinned and the sin became known and atonement was needed.  Beyond this, it was used as peace offering and as a freewill offering and when the people came into Canaan they used the bull as a whole burnt offering or perhaps holocaust offering because they were now in the land. The goat was used as an atonal and transgression or guilt offering but it would appear that the goat always had something to do with the eradication of sin. All of this Jesus has done for us.  He becomes the cosecratory blood that atones for us that we may be enabled to be empowered by the breath of God or the Holy Spirit to serve as priests on an individual level.   Thence a whole new priesthood has come about.  He also becomes the atonal blood for the nation of those who are the called out from among the nations and dedicated as His.  The royal priesthood and Holy nation.  In that whenever the ekklesia as a whole sins the Son is the covering for the sins of the whole.  He is also our peace and the offering of blood that brings us into peace with the Father.  He is also the agent by which all vows are paid or forgiven us.  He is also the blood or the consumed offering for each of us everytime we move into a promised "land".  Finally He is the individual covering that is perpetually before the Father that at any time this priesthood may enter in to the very presence of the Holy Himself for Jesus blood became first the atonement for Himself.  Otherwise how is it that He says in the 17th chapter of John " I sanctify myself  for their sakes that they may be sanctified in truth." He adds that "Your word is truth".   When He refers however to the "Word" He refers to Torah.  So then He has offered His blood as the arch-typical offering for Himself as "high priest" and for us all as His priests.

Now the name of each of us may become perpetually written in the Lamb's book.  The book of life for those redeemed from the curse of the Law, which is that all have fallen short of the Glory of God and none are able to bring themselves up to the holy standard.  It is all about covenant in which the requisite blood must be shed in order to bring about the blessing of the favorable hand of God upon the life for the following year.  Herein is the affability of the blood of Jesus found to be to its utmost for as we walk or live IN the Holy Spirit we walk or live IN the covenential relationship thereby insuring that the inscription of your name remains in the Lamb's book of life. It also insures that as long as you walk or live in this manner you will have the favorable hand of blessing from God on all you do and in all your life perpetually.

 

Yom Kippur

Called the Day of Atonement following the days of awe where all vows were to be paid and the house was to be put in order.  It is here that the books are opened in the heavens and the year is reviewed.  In Daniel as Daniel saw the day of judgement and the books were opened there is no true mention of the names of those books yet Paul tells us in Romans that when Jesus comes He will recompense according to deeds done.  How would He except a record had been kept?  Therefore, one of those books must be the book of deeds done.  Another book is the Lambs book of life possibly there is also a record of the tears and prayers of the saints and the children of Israel for I allude to God's response to Moses in Exodus when He made Moses to know his destiny as God's appointed deliverer of the nation of Israel.

On this day the things which were decide at Rosh ha Shannah are sealed and the books having opened for the chance of intercession on the part of the righteous, now close.  The covenant blessings or curses are set for yet another year.  This is why the ritual of the goats was so important.  The goat whose blood is for the atonement of the nation, mixed with Bulls blood as atonement for the offerer is the covering on the mercy seat.  The goat that is for Azazel is the one that is led off and Talmud suggests that it is pushed over the cliff of a certain precipice that the animal never return anywhere.  The blood covers and the scape goat removes as in the ritual of purification for a leper. In this ritual; the live bird is bound to a cedar shake with red cord and a hyssop twig.  Now then another of the same type of bird is slaughtered in an earthen crock over running water the live bird is dipped shake hyssop and all into the dead ones blood and then is set free. The lepers stain is removed and the he can reenter Temple.  In the same manner the peoples leprous callousness is removed by the double imputation onto the two goats which are then dispatched and they can return to the presence of God.

But the key here is the covering and the purified state of the people under the covering.  This offering is no haphazard thing, indeed the Talmudic tractate Yoma tells an interesting tale of the Kippur ceremonies.  The day begins with the morning offering by fire and then quickly evolves into the highest and key holy day of the year.  On this day the atonement is provided for you.  It is in the Old testament and the liturgy of the Yom Kippur prayers of today and it is almost as if it were magic, in an attempt at a clean slate; which works!

Two things stand out in the day the priests garments and the string.  According to Howard and Rosenthal's  "The Feasts of the Lord", the priest will embark on an elaborate ceremony which also involves the switching between two sets of garments one golden with a purple robe and the breastplate, and the other white linen. In a special golden tub or bath set aside just for this event with the thin linen suspended from the hands of the priests assisting the High priest will be ritually immersed and switch this process five times during the entire day.  And behind the drape there is light provided.  They stand on the outside back to the Mikvah and the people see the priest go through the motions of disrobing and robing and in between the immersion into the water. First off, he washes his hands and feet in the regular ritual manner then immerses himself in the Mikvah. Then he dons the golden clothing and purple over robing with breastplate and washes again the hands and feet and commences the regular morning service.  He comes back to the Mikvah to repeat the entire procedure but this time he dons white linen for Yom ceremonies. Now there are four fires lit and it is the afternoon service which begins the Yom ceremonies.  In white linen he goes to the court of the priests and lays hands on the bull waiting for him there.  He confesses his sins on the bull and invokes the covenant name of Jehovah or Yahweh.  Then he is escorted by tow other priests; the deputy high priest and the chief priest of the division whose turn it is to serve, to the eastern side of the altar where the goats are.  Two gold lots are shaken in a gold cup and the high priest removes them and presses them upon the foreheads of the goats thus one lot is marked for the Lord and that goat will be slain and offered up and the other or Azazel and that goat will be led away and the string will be tied to that goats horn.   The Azazel goat will face the people and the Lord's goat will face the altar. It is interesting to note that the two goats are spoken over as a sin offering to the Lord together!   Now the high priest return to the bull and lays hands on it again this time confessing the sin of the priesthood itself.  Now the bull is slaughtered and the blood collected in a golden funnel; shaped bowl which is handed to an assistance to stir. Now he takes the fire pan, goes up the ramp to the altar and extracts a pan full of live coals for flashing off incense and gathers two handfuls of the incense into a gold ladle. Now with fire in the right hand and incense in the left he approaches the curtain.  Now the curtain is hung in such a manner that it is in two layers, in fact it is a double curtain whose levers are so arranged that one opening apparatus is inside the Holy place yet accessed from without and the other in on the outside. The assisting priest draw on these levers and the curtain parts with a outer left hand opening pulled back and an inner right hand opening pulled back.  The priest enters by the narrow way by the straight gate by the particular path of the curtains!  To enter any other way is not to be the Priest and to die!  From left to right and into the small room he enters and there he immediately turns to face the curtain and moves to the left again where the grate for the incense is.  Into the grate go the live coals and onto the coals the two handfuls of finely ground sweet censing powder. Now a thick clouds fills the chamber yet the priest faces the curtain and exits as he came. Now he takes the from the assistant who has been stirring, the "bowl" with the bulls blood and reenters with it having deposited the fire pan out side.  Now in the thick cloud of smoke he can barely see anything, but he can just make out the location of the ark. To the east side on the ark top or mercy seat he shakes the blood laden finger seven times and then again in front of it. He then exits and places the bowl in a specially designed gold stand. Now he slays the goat and enters with it's blood and repeats the procedure at the ark as was dome with the bulls blood. All this time no one else has been allowed into the temple. After exiting the Holy of Holies he takes first the bulls blood and then the goats and sprinkles the veil itself seven times. Finally mixing both bowls together he smears the horns of the altar with the two bloods this cleanses the ark and the holy outer area where the menorah and the table and the gold altar are and the altar of sacrifice itself.  And those doors remain closed until he is through.  Now when they open again the people rejoice for the first half of the atonement is complete.  However the priest has one more thing he wears into that place and it is a rope. For if the priests outside do not hear the sound of the fringes of his robe making noise they will begin to pull on that rope till they bear to the doors the dead priest.  Thence the scape goat is useless for the atonement is not accepted and the people will bear their sin. Now with the tabernacle cleansed anew he may turn to the goat that has been peaceably grazing on a small patch of grass awaiting its fate.  The priest lays hands on the goats pronounces the sins of the people and to the man who is assigned the job he dispatches the live scape goat.  As the other priest is taking the live goat to its doom the High priest completes the sacrificial offering of the bull and the goat from the altar with the remains being burned outside the camp.  Now he faces the people reads the passage of  Leviticus and quotes the numbers passage finally he will offer up the ram of dedication.   Last but not least the returns to the Holy of Holies to retrieve the fire pan and ladle.

The thread comes into play here. Now according to Talmud tied to the horns of the goat is a huge shock of red thread of the variety used in textile making on a loom.  The man with the goat then takes the goat to a precipice a cliff and pushes it over backwards. String has also been tied to a rock from the shock of wool on the goats horn and string has been tied in the Temple from the linen on the horn. It is tied to the inside of the doors.  When the goat has expired a strange thing happens, the red threads turn white!  Temple is opened and the people can se the thread and know that the full atonement has been made. Now in Yeshua we have a permanent atonement made so we can dispense with the animal cruelties here. The ram which has also been peaceably awaiting its fate is now taken and no sin laid on it is offered up as a whole burnt offering on the altar.  The ram it has been discovered from scripture was very specific in its use.  It is only for dedication and apparently nothing else. For the altar has been atoned for but not rededicated top its use until the ram is wholly burnt on it. Lastly the fat of the goat and bull are offered in fire as the smoke of atonement.   In the meantime the priest will take the carcasses of the goat and bull to a clean place outside the camp and incinerate them.  Both the goat tender and the priests who incinerate the sin carcasses must Mikvah before entering the camp again including the clothing they wore!

In regard to the thread, it is recorded that for forty years after the death of Yeshua the thread would not turn white.

 

Everytime the High priest has to enter the Holy of Holies there would be a Mikvah and ceremonial hand and foot washing; but at last he comes out of the water and is in the golden garment for the evening sacrifices. Thus, Yom Kippur draws to a close.Covenant is now restored and the blessing can flow again.  It is also said that at this time the prayers of the people are heard and the heavens are open to their cry.

 

Sukkot

The Feast of Feasts.

 

Where the booth is decorated with old and new fruits.  It has also been called the festival of harvest ingathering, so it for the ingathering of the bride is the premier harvest of the Lamb, and His marriage supper is the event of eternity.  Yet the booth and the feast is so much more than this.  For it is the bridegroom who enters into the temporary place of habitation, which is now our hearts, and "sups" with us.  It is the celebration of the right to be I the presence of the Living God who is Holy.  In this the Torah calls for all the celebrants to additionally are to bring the branches and fruits of the myrtle the palm and the willow, the fruit then would be the citron, to the temple or tabernacle to rejoice before the Lord for seven days.  Now in Jesus day, an added celebration took place as is recorded in Talmudic tractate Sukkah. The people in their Sukkahs come with their lulav and etrog or the branches and the citron and they attend.
Sukkot is the season were rain is most anticipated.  So the water ceremony, stemming off the daily water libation, is a visual representation of the prayer for rain.  There was a water ceremony a the great last day of the feast.  The lights were always lit in the temple at this time.  It is the second evening and in the women's court the menorim are relit. In the ceremony are torch dances by the Sanhedrin through the night.  There was also sung the songs of decent Psa. 120-134 by the Levitical choir each of the fifteen steps is sung and this was done each night there after till the last day.  On the erev of the last day the song is sung one last time.  The Tanna states that the last day is the day God will set His decision for rain in the New Year.
The sacrifices included one goat, 14 lambs, 2rams, and from 13 to zero in bulls each day.  because this was also the time of the early harvest or autumnal harvest the tenth was to be brought at this time the offerer having had his atonement made at Yom Kippur which is why Jesus tells us that if there is ought we must reconcile then we can offer up. Each days sacrifice is offered with the drink and grain offering at all 24 rota of priests served their second week at this time.... the rota were required by the Davidic organization of the temple service to serve two weeks out of each year.  The requisite week on the regulate cycle and Sukkot week.  Whilst regular week was a sabbatical week the Sukkot week was an eight day affair.  It is however on the day of the water ceremony that Jesus utters His famous words of being the "well" from which to "draw".   Now I addition to all this the species are brought etrog which we now use as a citron but was then a small leafy branch of a citrus with small lemon like fruit.  The lulav is a date palm branch the hadas is the myrtle and the arava is the willow and because it says two willows are used; the etrog or citrus branch is held in the left and the others are bound together and held in the right. psalm 118: 25 is chanted.  Since the water ceremony is not done, any more the simchat torah was instituted to take the place of it.  At this time the Torah scrolls are turned back the Be-Reshite or Genesis. In the Torah Ceremony the scroll is carried around the synagogue and there is must rejoicing. The other aspect of this is the harvest of in gathering, where in the Lord of Harvest has blessed the people.
 It has its roots in the scriptures of Isaiah. The final judgement harvest is spoken here Hos 6:11 Joel 3:13 Mal 4:1-2 and the idea that the olive tree are beaten down and threshed a harvesting of olives. Isa 27:12-13, 11:11-12 Jer 23:7-8; and the gentile believers Zech 14:16-17  lastly the Shekinah tabernacle itself as a covering of cloud in the day and the fire at night,  Isa 60:1 19 and Zech 2:5  and Isa 4:5-6  

 

Because "it be a Jewish thing"

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